Top 10 symptons suggesting that one may have diabetes mellitus

It is important  that  everyone should know the usual symptoms of diabetes mellitus so that should  one observe any of them, one should appropriately seek medical attention. This prevents the  person presenting to the hospital emergency room with diabetic crises.  The top 10 symptoms of diabetes mellitus are :

  1. passage of frequent, large amount of urine per day.

  2. Excessive drinking of water arising from excessive feeling of thirst.

  3. Feeling of tiredness and general body weakness

  4. Excessive feeling of  hunger and  increased appetite

  5. Unexplained weight loss despite good  appetite and excessive eating of food.

  6. Passage of urine that is very sugary in taste

  7. Having foot or leg ulcer that is finding it difficult to heal.

  8. Blurring of vision or deteriorating  eyes sight. Because of this, a significant number of people are diagnosed diabetic by the eye doctors.

  9. In women, vaginal discharge and itching could be the initial symptoms noticed while in men, the  presenting symptom could be poor erection or impotence.

  10. Finally,  diabetes mellitus could  present,  for the first time,  with an acute or chronic complication of diabetes mellitus such as unconsciousness, stroke, heart attack, abnormal  sensations in the feet/legs etc.

When one or a combination of these symptoms are noted in an individual,  it’s  wise  to seek medical attention. Delays  can be dangerous……..

Diabetes mellitus – life is all about making choices!

  • Deciding to do regular routine medical check up even when one is apparently “well” is a choice.

Deciding to visit the  hospital when a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus is made and  not to  a herbal home, church /ministry, spiritual  center or stay at home is a choice.

Deciding  which hospital to  patronize – private,  government-owned, primary or tertiary health facility is a choice.

Deciding which antidiabetic medications a doctor should give  to a person living with diabetes – whether oral antidiabetic drugs, insulin or other injectable agent is  a choice.

Deciding to key into certain lifestyle changes as regards ones diets, engaging in moderate intensity aerobic exercise, stopping tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking and avoiding much sugar rich beverages is a choice.

Deciding to adhere to clinic follow ups, taking of prescribed medications religiously and self monitoring of ones blood glucose is a choice.

Finally, accepting decisions of the managing medical team including accepting lower limb amputation of a gangrenous leg or not is a choice.

In life, it’s all about making choices. Every minute, hour, day, month and year,  we are making choices whose outcome could be good or bad.

Soon, I will  share my story of a (not too good) choice made in our MEDICAL WARD!!

3 known facts why someone could develop diabetes mellitus

Factors that increase ones chances or risks of suffering diabetes mellitus in the  future include family history of diabetes,  being overweight or obese, indulging in sedentary lifestyle, eating food rich in sugar, having hypertension, not exercising and (for a woman) delivering a baby  weighing more than 4kg. One may have one or more of these risk factors and still  not  develop diabetes. There are three known facts in people that develop diabetes.

Firstly,  the beta cells of the  person’s pancreas produce insufficient insulin or produce no insulin at all. This could be from autoimmune diseases, drugs, infections, injuries, tumours etc causing damage to the pancreas. The  resultant effect is absolute or relative insulin  deficiency,  and  therefore diabetes mellitus.

The second known fact why someone may develop diabetes mellitus is failure of the  target cells to respond as it should to insulin. The  main  target organs where insulin act include skeletal muscles, liver and  fat cells. In this group of people, their  pancreas produce adequate amount of insulin but the target cells are non responsive to the insulin. This is called insulin  resistance and  it’s a known fact  causing diabetes mellitus.

Finally, degenerative changes involving the pancreas as a result of ageing or disease conditions is known to  cause diabetes mellitus. It is  known  that  with repeated injuries, insults, infections, inflammation etc to the pancreas  over time, the beta cells of the  pancreas will begin to function below expectations. One developing diabetes mellitus after 80 years of age  could  just be  part of the ageing  process involving all organs  of the  body.

However,  diabetes mellitus is not due to demons,  spiritual attacks, poison from enemies or due to  any curse

With this knowledge, you are in a good  position to  educate the  rest of us who still have lots of superstitions about  diabetes mellitus.